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TARIQA MUSTAFAWIY

Home Of The Fuqara

MUHAMMAD(SAWS) OUR BELOVED MESSENGER

MUHAMMAD'S (SAWS) BIRTH AND LIFE LEADING TO HIS PROPHETHOOD

HIS BIRTH:

Muhammad (Peace be upon him), the Master of Prophets, was born in Bani Hashim lane in Makkah

on Monday morning, the twelveth of Rabi‘ Al-Awwal, the same year of the Elephant Event, and forty

years of the reign of Kisra (Khosru Nushirwan), i.e. the twentieth or twenty-second of April, 571

A.D., according to the scholar Muhammad Sulaimân Al-Mansourpuri, and the astrologer Mahmûd

Pasha.

Ibn Sa‘d reported that Muhammad’s mother said: “When he was born, there was a light that issued

out of my pudendum and lit the palaces of Syria.” Ahmad reported on the authority of ‘Arbadh bin

Sariya something similar to this.

It was but controversially reported that significant precursors accompanied his birth: fourteen

galleries of Kisra’s palace cracked and rolled down, the Magians’ sacred fire died down and some

churches on Lake Sawa sank down and collapsed.

His mother immediately sent someone to inform his grandfather ‘Abdul-Muttalib of the happy event.

Happily he came to her, carried him to Al-Ka‘bah, prayed to Allâh and thanked Him. ‘Abdul-Muttalib

called the baby Muhammad, a name not then common among the Arabs. He circumcised him on his

seventh day as was the custom of the Arabs.

The first woman who suckled him after his mother was Thuyebah, the concubine of Abu Lahab, with

her son, Masrouh. She had suckled Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib before and later Abu Salamah bin

‘Abd Al-Asad Al-Makhzumi.

BABYHOOD:

It was the general custom of the Arabs living in towns to send their children away to bedouin wet

nurses so that they might grow up in the free and healthy surroundings of the desert whereby they

would develop a robust frame and acquire the pure speech and manners of the bedouins, who were

noted both for chastity of their language and for being free from those vices which usually develop

in sedentary societies.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was later entrusted to Haleemah bint Abi Dhuaib from Bani Sa‘d

bin Bakr. Her husband was Al-Harith bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza called Abi Kabshah, from the same tribe.

Muhammad (Peace be upon him) had several foster brothers and sisters, ‘Abdullah bin Al-Harith,

Aneesah bint Al-Harith, Hudhafah or Judhamah bint Al-Harith (known as Ash-Shayma’), and she

used to nurse the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and Abu Sufyan bin Al-Harith bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib,

the Prophet’s cousin. Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib, the Prophet’s uncle, was suckled by the same two

wet nurses, Thuyeba and Haleemah As-Sa‘diyah, who suckled the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Traditions delightfully relate how Haleemah and the whole of her household were favoured by

successive strokes of good fortune while the baby Muhammad (Peace be upon him) lived under her

care. Ibn Ishaq states that Haleemah narrated that she along with her husband and a suckling babe,

set out from her village in the company of some women of her clan in quest of children to suckle.

She said:

It was a year of drought and famine and we had nothing to eat. I rode on a brown she-ass. We also

had with us an old she-camel. By Allâh we could not get even a drop of milk. We could not have a

wink of sleep during the night for the child kept crying on account of hunger. There was not enough


milk in my breast and even the she-camel had nothing to feed him. We used to constantly pray for


rain and immediate relief. At length we reached Makkah looking for children to suckle. Not even a


single woman amongst us accepted the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) offered to her. As


soon as they were told that he was an orphan, they refused him. We had fixed our eyes on the


reward that we would get from the child’s father. An orphan! What are his grandfather and mother


likely to do? So we spurned him because of that. Every woman who came with me got a suckling


and when we were about to depart, I said to my husband: “By Allâh, I do not like to go back along


with the other women without any baby. I should go to that orphan and I must take him.” He said,


“There is no harm in doing so and perhaps Allâh might bless us through him.” So I went and took


him because there was simply no other alternative left for me but to take him. When I lifted him in


my arms and returned to my place I put him on my breast and to my great surprise, I found enough


milk in it. He drank to his heart’s content, and so did his foster brother and then both of them went


to sleep although my baby had not been able to sleep the previous night. My husband then went to


the she-camel to milk it and, to his astonishment, he found plenty of milk in it. He milked it and we


drank to our fill, and enjoyed a sound sleep during the night. The next morning, my husband said:


“By Allâh Haleemah, you must understand that you have been able to get a blessed child.” And I


replied: “By the grace of Allâh, I hope so.”


The tradition is explicit on the point that Haleemah’s return journey and her s ubsequent life, as long


as the Prophet (Peace be upon him)stayed with her, was encircled with a halo of good fortune. The


donkey that she rode when she came to Makkah was lean and almost foundered; it recovered speed


much to the amazement of Haleemah’s fellow travellers. By the time they reached the


encampments in the country of the clan of Sa‘d, they found the scales of fortune turned in their


favour. The barren land sprouted forth luxuriant grass and beasts came back to them satisfied and


full of milk. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) stayed with Haleemah for two years until he was


weaned as Haleemah said:


We then took him back to his mother requesting her earnestly to have him stay with us and benefit


by the good fortune and blessings he had brought us. We persisted in our request which we


substantiated by our anxiety over the child catching a certain infection peculiar to Makkah. At last,


we were granted our wish and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) stayed with us until he was four or


five years of age.


When, as related by Anas in Sahih Muslim, Gabriel came down and ripped his chest open and took


out the heart. He then extracted a blood-clot out of it and said: “That was the part of Satan in thee.”


And then he washed it with the water of Zamzam in a gold basin. After that the heart was joined


together and restored to its place. The boys and playmates came running to his mother, i.e. his


nurse, and said: “Verily, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has been murdered.” They all rushed


towards him and found him all right only his face was white.

BACK TO HIS COMPASSIONATE MOTHER:

After this event, Haleemah was worried about the boy and returned him to his mother with whom


he stayed until he was six.


In respect of the memory of her late husband, Amina decided to visit h is grave in Yathrib (Madinah).


She set out to cover a journey of 500 kilometers with her orphan boy, woman servant Umm Ayman


and her father-in-law ‘Abdul-Muttalib. She spent a month there and then took her way back to


Makkah. On the way, she had a severe illness and died in Abwa on the road between Makkah and


Madinah.

BACK TO HIS COMPASSIONATE GRANDFATHER:

‘Abdul-Muttalib brought the boy to Makkah. He had warm passions towards the boy, his orphan


grandson, whose recent disaster (his mother’s death) added more to the pains of the past. ‘Abdul-


Muttalib was more passionate with his grandson than with his own children. He never left the boy a


prey to loneliness, but always preferred him to his own kids. Ibn Hisham reported: A mattress was


put in the shade of Al-Ka‘bah for ‘Abdul-Muttalib. His children used to sit around that mattress in


honour to their father, but Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used to sit on it. His uncles would take


him back, but if ‘Abdul-Muttalib was present, he would say: “Leave my grandson. I swear by Allâh


that this boy will hold a significant position.” He used to seat the boy on his mattress, pat his back


and was always pleased with what the boy did.


When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was eight years, two months and ten days old, his


grandfather ‘Abdul-Muttalib passed away in Makkah. The charge of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)


was now passed on to his uncle Abu Talib, who was the brother of the Prophet’s father.


Abu Talib tookthe charge of his nephew in the best way. He put him with his children and preferred


him to them. He singled the boy out with great respect and high esteem. Abu Talib remained for


forty years cherishing his nephew and extending all possible protection and support to him. His


relations with the others were determined in the light of the treatment they showed to the Prophet


(Peace be upon him).


Ibn ‘Asakir reported on the authority of Jalhamah bin ‘Arfuta who said: “I came to Makkah when it


was a rainless year, so Quraish said ‘O Abu Talib, the valley has become leafless and the children


hungry, let us go and pray for rain-fall.’ Abu Talib went to Al-Ka‘bah with a young boy who was as


beautiful as the sun, and a black cloud was over his head. Abu Talib and the boy stood by the wall of


Al-Ka‘bah and prayed for rain. Immediately clouds from all directions gathered and rain fell heavily


and caused the flow of springs and growth of plants in the town and the country.

BAHIRA, THE MONK:

When the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was twelve years old, he went with his u ncle Abu


Talib on a business journey to Syria. When they reached Busra (which was a part of Syria, in the


vicinity of Howran under the Roman domain) they met a monk called Bahira (his real name was


Georges), who showed great kindness, and entertained them lavishly. He had never been in the


habit of receiving or entertaining them before. He readily enough recognized the Prophet (Peace be


upon him) and said while taking his hand: “This is the master of all humans. Allâh will send him with


a Message which will be a mercy to all beings.” Abu Talib asked: “How do you know that?” He


replied: “When you appeared from the direction of ‘Aqabah, all stones and trees prostrated


themselves, which they never do except for a Prophet. I can recognize him also by the seal of


Prophethood which is below his shoulder, like an apple. We have got to learn this from our books.”


He also asked Abu Talib to send the boy back to Makkah and not to take him to Syria for fear of the


Jews. Abu Talib obeyed and sent him back to Makkah with some of his men servants.

THE ‘SACRILIGIOUS' WARS:

Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was hardly fifteen when the ‘sacrilegious’ wars — which continued


with varying fortunes and considerable loss of human life for a number of years — broke out


between Quraish and Banu Kinana on the one side and Qais ‘Ailan tribe on the other. It was thus


called because the inviolables were made violable, the prohibited months being included. Harb bin


Omaiyah, on account of his outstanding position and honourable descent, used to be the leader of


Quraish and their allies. In one of those battles, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) attended on his


uncles but did not raise arms against their opponents. His efforts were confined to picking up the


arrows of the enemy as they fell, and handing them over to his uncles.

ALFUDOUL CONFEDERACY:

At the conclusion of these wars, when peace was restored, people felt the need for forming


confederacy at Makkah for suppressing violence and injustice, and vindicating the rights of the weak


and the destitute. Representatives of Banu Hashim, Banu Al-Muttalib, Asad bin ‘Abd Al-‘Uzza,


Zahrah bin Kilab and Taim bin Murra were called to meet in the habitation of an honourable elderly


man called ‘Abdullah bin Jada‘an At-Taimy to enter into a confederacy that would provide for the


above-mentioned items. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) shortly after he had been


honoured with the ministry of Prophethood, witnessed this league and commented on it, with very


positive words: “I witnessed a confederacy in the house of ‘Abdullah bin Jada‘an. It was more


appealing to me than herds of cattle. Even now in the period of Islam I would respond positively to


attending such a meeting if I were invited."


In fact, the spirit of this confederacy and the course of deliberations therein marked a complete


departure from the pre-Islamic tribal-pride. The story that led to its convention says that a man


from Zubaid clan came as a merchant to Makkah where he sold some commodities to Al-‘As bin Wail


As-Sahmy. The latter by hook or by crook tried to evade paying for the goods. The salesman sought


help from the different clans in Quraish but they paid no heed to his earnest pleas. He then resorted


to a mountain top and began, at the top of his voice, to recite verses of complaint giving account of


the injustices he sustained. Az-Zubair bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib heard of him and made inquiries into the


matter. Consequently, the parties to the aforesaid confederacy convened their meeting and


managed to force Az-Zubaidy’s money out of Al-‘As bin Wa’il.

MUHAMMAD'S EARLY JOB:

Muhammad (Peace be upon him), had no particular job at his early youth, but it was reported that


he worked as a shepherd for Bani Sa‘d and in Makkah. At the age of 25, he went to Syria as a


merchant for Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) Ibn Ishaq reported that Khadijah, daughter


of Khwailid was a business-woman of great honour and fortune. She used to employ men to do her


business for a certain percentage of the profits. Quraish people were mostly tradespeople, so when


Khadijah was informed of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), his truthful words, great honesty and


kind manners, she sent for him. She offered him money to go to Syria and do her business, and she


would give him a higher rate than the others. She would also send her hireling, Maisarah, with him.


He agreed and went with her servant to Syria for trade.

HIS MARRIEAGE TO KHADIJAH:

When he returned to Makkah, Khadijah noticed, in her money, more profits and blessings than she


used to. Her hireling also told her of Muhammad’s good manners, honesty, deep thought, sincerity


and faith. She realized that she homed at her target. Many prominent men had asked for her hand


in marriage but she always spurned their advances. She disclosed her wish to her friend Nafisa,


daughter of Maniya, who immediately went to Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and broke the good


news to him. He agreed and requested his uncles to go to Khadijah’s uncle and talk on this issue.


Subsequently, they were married. The marriage contract was witnessed by Bani Hashim and the


heads of Mudar. This took place after the Prophet’s return from Syria. He gave her twenty camels as


dowry. She was, then, forty years old and was considered as the best woman of her folk in lineage,


fortune and wisdom. She was the first woman whom the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him)


married. He did not get married to any other until she had died.


Khadijah bore all his children, except Ibrahim: Al-Qasim, Zainab, Ruqaiyah, Umm Kulthum, Fatimah


and ‘Abdullah who was called Taiyib and Tahir. All his sons died in their childhood and all the


daughters except Fatimah died during his lifetime. Fatimah died six months after his death. All his


daughters witnessed Islam, embraced it, and emigrated to Madinah.

REBUILDING AL-KA'BAH AND THE ARBITRATION ISSUE:

When the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was thirty five, Quraish started rebuilding Al-


Ka‘bah. That was because it was a low building of white stones no more than 6.30 metres high, from


the days of Ishmael. It was also roofless and that gave the thieves easy access to its treasures


inside. It was also exposed to the wearing factors of nature — because it was built a long time ago


— that weakened and cracked its walls. Five years before Prophethood, there was a great flood in


Makkah that swept towards Al-Ka‘bah and almost demolished it. Quraish was obliged to rebuild it to


safeguard its holiness and position. The chiefs of Quraish decided to use only licit money in


rebuilding Al-Ka‘bah, so all money that derived from harlotry, usury or unjust practices was


excluded. They were, at first, too awed to knock down the wall, but Al-Waleed bin Al-Mugheerah Al-


Mukhzumi started the work. Seeing that no harm had happened to him, the others participated in


demolishing the walls until they reached the basis laid by Abraham. When they started rebuilding its


walls, they divided the work among the tribes. Each tribe was responsible for rebuilding a part of it.


The tribes collected stones and startwork. The man who laid the stones was a Roman mason called


Baqum. The work went on in harmony till the time came to put the sacred Black Stone in its proper


place. Then strife broke out among the chiefs, and lasted for four or five days, each contesting for


the honour of placing the stone in its position. Daggers were on the point of being drawn and great


bloodshed seemed imminent. Luckily, the oldest among the chiefs Abu Omaiyah bin Mugheerah Al-


Makhzumi made a proposal which was accepted by all. He said: “Let him, who enters the Sanctuary


first of all, decide on the point.” It was then Allâh’s Will that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon


him) should be the first to enter the Mosque. On seeing him, all the people on the scene, cried with


one voice: “Al-Ameen (the trustworthy) has come. We are content to abide by his decision.” Calm


and self-possessed, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) received the commission and at once resolved


upon an expedient which was to conciliate them all. He asked for a mantle which he spread on the


ground and placed the stone in its centre. He then asked the representatives of the different clans


among them, to lift the stone all together. When it had reached the proper place, Muhammad


(Peace be upon him) laid it in the proper position with his own hands. This is how a very tense


situation was eased and a grave danger averted by the wisdom of the Prophet (Peace be upon him).


Quraish ran short of the licit money, they collected, so they eliminated six yards area on the


northern side of Al-Ka‘bah which is called Al-Hijr or Al-Hateem. They raised its door two metres from


the level ground to let in only the people whom they desired. When the structure was fifteen yards


high they erected the roof which rested on six columns.


When the building of Al-Ka‘bah had finished, it assumed a square form fifteen metres high. The side


with the Black Stone and the one opposite were ten metres long each. The Black Stone was 1.50


metre from the circumambulation level ground. The two other sides were twelve metres long each.


The door was two metres high from the level ground. A building structure of 0.25 metre high and


0.30 metre wide on the average surrounded Al-Ka‘bah. It was called Ash-Shadherwan, originally an


integral part of the Sacred Sanctuary, but Quraish left it out.


A RAPID REVIEW OF MUHAMMAD'S BIOGRAPHY BEFORE COMMISSIONING OF THE

PROPHETHOOD:

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was, in his youth, a combination of the best social


attributes. He was an exemplary man of weighty mind and faultless insight. He was favoured with


intelligence, originality of thought and accurate choice of the means leading to accurate goals. His


long silence helped favourably in his habit of meditation and deep investigation into the truth. His


vivid mind and pure nature were helpfully instrumental in assimilating and comprehending ways of


life and people, individual and community-wise. He shunned superstitious practices but took an


active part in constructive and useful dealings, otherwise, he would have recourse to his selfconsecrated


solitude. He kept himself aloof from drinking wine, eating meat slaughtered on stone


altars, or attending idolatrous festivals. He held the idols in extreme aversion and most abhorrence.


He could never tolerate someone swearing by Al-Lat and Al-‘Uzza. Allâh’s providence, no doubts,


detached him from all abominable or evil practices. Even when he tried to obey his instinct to enjoy


some life pleasures or follow some irrespectable traditions, Allâh’s providence intervened to curb any


lapse in this course. Ibn Al-Atheer reported Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as saying: “I have


never tried to do what my people do except for two times. Every time Allâh intervened and checked


me from doing so and I never did that again. Once I told my fellow-shepherd to take care of my


sheep when we were in the upper part of Makkah. I wanted to go down to Makkah and entertain


myself as the young men did. I went down to the first house of Makkah where I heard music. I


entered and asked: ‘What is this?’ Someone answered: ‘It is a wedding party.’ I sat down and


listened but soon went into deep sleep. I was awakened by the heat of the sun. I went back to my


fellow-shepherd and told him of what had happened to me. I have never tried it again.”


Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Jabir bin ‘Abdullah that he said: “While the people were


rebuilding Al-Ka‘bah, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) went with ‘Abbas to carry some


stones. ‘Abbas said: ‘Put your loincloth round your neck to protect you from the stones.’ (As he did


that) the Prophet (Peace be upon him) fell to the ground and his eyes turned skyward. Later on he


woke up and shouted: ‘My loincloth... my loincloth.’ He wrapped himself in his loincloth.” In another


report: “His loins were never seen afterwards.”


The authorities agree in ascribing to the youth of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) modesty of


deportment, virtuous behaviour and graceful manners. He proved himself to be the ideal of


manhood, and to possess a spotless character. He was the most obliging to his compatriots, the


most honest in his talk and the mildest in temper. He was the most gentle-hearted, chaste,


hospitable and always impressed people by his piety-inspiring countenance. He was the most


truthful and the best to keep covenant. His fellow-citizens, by common consent, gave him the title of


Al-‘Ameen (trustworthy). The Mother of believers, Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) once


said: He unites uterine relations, he helps the poor and the needy, he entertains the guests and


endures hardships in the path of truthfulness.

IN THE SHADE OF THE MESSAGE AND PROPHETHOOD

IN THE CAVE HIRA:

When Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was nearly forty, he had been wont to pass long


hours in retirement meditating and speculating over all aspects of creation around him. This


meditative temperament helped to widen the mental gap between him and his compatriots. He used


to provide himself with Sawiq (barley porridge) and water and then directly head for the hills and


ravines in the neighbourhood of Makkah. One of these in particular was his favourite resort — a


cave named Hira’, in the Mount An-Nour. It was only two miles from Makkah, a small cave 4 yards


long and 1.75 yard wide. He would always go there and invite wayfarers to share him his modest


provision. He used to devote most of his time, and Ramadan in particular, to worship and meditation


on the universe around him. His heart was restless about the moral evils and idolatry that were


rampant among his people; he was as yet helpless because no definite course, or specific approach


had been available for him to follow and rectify the ill practices around him. This solitude attended


with this sort of contemplative approach must be understood in its Divine perspective. It was a


preliminary stage to the period of grave responsibilities that he was to shoulder very soon.


Privacy and detachment from the impurities of life were two indispensable prerequisites for the


Prophet’s soul to come into close communion with the Unseen Power that lies behind all aspects of


existence in this infinite universe. It was a rich period of privacy which lasted for three years and


ushered in a new era, of indissoluble contact with that Power.

GAGRIEL BRINGS DOWN THE REVELATION:

When he was forty, the age of complete perfection at which Prophets were always ordered to


disclose their Message, signs of his Prophethood started to appear and twinkle on the horizons of


life; they were the true visions he used to experience for six months. The period of Prophethood was


23 years; so the period of these six months of true visions constituted an integral part of the fortysix


parts of Prophethood. In Ramadan, in his third year of solitude in the cave of Hira’, Allâh’s Will


desired His mercy to flow on earth and Muhammad (Peace be upon him) was honoured with


Prophethood, and the light of Revelation burst upon him with some verses of the Noble Qur’ân.


As for the exact date, careful investigation into circumstantial evidence and relevant clues point


directly to Monday, 21st. Ramadan at night, i.e. Au, 10, 610 A.D. with Prophet Muhammad (Peace


be upon him) exactly 40 years, 6 months and 12 days of age, i.e. 39 Gregorian years, 3 months and


22 days.


‘Aishah, the veracious, gave the following narration of that most significant event that brought the


Divine light which would dispel the darkness of disbelief and ignorance. It led life down a new course


and brought about the most serious amendment to the line of the history of mankind:


Forerunners of the Revelation assumed the form of true visions that would strikingly come true all


the time. After that, solitude became dear to him and he would go to the cave, Hira’, to engage in


Tahannuth (devotion) there for a certain number of nights before returning to his family, and then


he would return for provisions for a similar stay. At length, unexpectedly, the Truth (the angel)


came to him and said, “Recite.” “I cannot recite,” he [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] said. The


Prophet (Peace be upon him) described: “Then he took me and squeezed me vehemently and then


let me go and repeated the order ‘Recite.’ ‘I cannot recite’ said I, and once again he squeezed me


and let me till I was exhausted. Then he said: ‘Recite.’ I said ‘I cannot recite.’ He squeezed me for a


third time and then let me go and said:


· “Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from


a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! and your Lord is the Most Generous.’”


[96:1-3]


The Prophet (Peace be upon him) repeated these verses. He was trembling with fear. At this stage,


he came back to his wife Khadijah, and said, “Cover me, ... cover me.” They covered him until he


restored security. He apprised Khadijah of the incident of the cave and added that he was horrified.


His wife tried to soothe him and reassured him saying, “Allâh will never disgrace you. You unite


uterine relations; you bear the burden of the weak; you help the poor and the needy, you entertain


the guests and endure hardships in the path of truthfulness.”


She set out with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to her cousin Waraqa bin Nawfal bin Asad bin


‘Abd Al-‘Uzza, who had embraced Christianity in the pre-Islamic period, and used to write the Bible


in Hebrew. He was a blind old man. Khadijah said: “My cousin! Listen to your nephew!” Waraqa


said: “O my nephew! What did you see?” The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) told him what


had happened to him. Waraqa replied: “This is ‘Namus’ i.e. (the angel who is entrusted with Divine


Secrets) that Allâh sent to Moses. I wish I were younger. I wish I could live up to the time when


your people would turn you out.” Muhammad (Peace be upon him) asked: “Will they drive me out?”


Waraqa answered in the affirmative and said: “Anyone who came with something similar to what


you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should be alive till that day, then I would


support you strongly.” A few days later Waraqa died and the revelation also subsided.


At-Tabari and Ibn Hisham reported that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) left the cave of


Hira’ after being surprised by the Revelation, but later on, returned to the cave and continued his


solitude. Afterwards, he came back to Makkah. At-Tabari reported on this incident, saying:


After mentioning the coming of the Revelation, the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) said: “I


have never abhorred anyone more than a poet or a mad man. I can not stand looking at either of


them. I will never tell anyone of Quraish of my Revelation. I will climb a mountain and throw myself


down and die. That will relieve me. I went to do that but halfway up the mountain, I heard a voice


from the sky saying ‘O Muhammad! You are the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) and I am


Gabriel.’ I looked upwards and saw Gabriel in the form of a man putting his legs on the horizon. He


said: ‘O Muhammad You are the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) and I am Gabriel.’ I


stopped and looked at him. His sight distracted my attention from what I had intended to do. I


stood in my place transfixed. I tried to shift my eyes away from him. He was in every direction I


looked at. I stopped in my place without any movement until Khadijah sent someone to look for me.


He went down to Makkah and came back while I was standing in the same place. Gabriel then left,


and I went back home. I found Khadijah at home, so I sat very close to her. She asked: ‘Father of


Al-Qasim! Where have you been? I sent someone to look for you. He went to Makkah and returned


to me.’ I told her of what I had seen. She replied: ‘It is a propitious sign, O my husband. Pull


yourself together, I swear by Allâh that you are a Messenger for this nation.’ Then she stood up and


went to Waraqa and informed him. Waraqa said: ‘I swear by Allâh that he has received the same


Namus, i.e. angel that was sent to Moses. He is the Prophet of this nation. Tell him to be patient.’


She came back to him and told him of Waraqa’s words. When the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be


upon him) finished his solitary stay and went down to Makkah, he went to Waraqa, who told him:


‘You are the Prophet of this nation. I swear by Allâh that you have received the same angel that was


sent to Moses.’”

INTERRUPION OF REVELATION:

Ibn Sa‘d reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas that the Revelation paused for a few days.After


careful study, this seems to be the most possible. To say that it lasted for three and a half years, as


some scholars allege, is not correct, but here there is no room to go into more details.


Meanwhile, the Prophet (Peace be upon him), was caught in a sort of depression coupled with


astonishment and perplexity. Al-Bukhari reported:


The Divine inspiration paused for a while and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) became so sad, as


we have heard, that he intended several times to throw himself from the tops of high mountains,


and every time he went up the top of a mountain in order to throw himself down, Gabriel would


appear before him and say: “O Muhammad! You are indeed Allâh’s Messenger in truth,” whereupon


his heart would become quiet and he would calm down and return home. Whenever the period of


the coming of the Revelation used to become long, he would do as before, but Gabriel would appear


again before him and say to him what he had said before.

ONCE, GABRIEL BRINGS ALLAH'S REVELATION:

Ibn Hajar said: ‘That (the pause of Allâh’s revelation for a few days) was to relieve the Messenger of


Allâh (Peace be upon him) of the fear he experienced and to make him long for the Revelation.


When the shades of puzzle receded, the flags of truth were raised, the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be


upon him) knew for sure that he had become the Messenger of the Great Lord. He was also certain


that what had come to him was no more than the ambassador of inspiration. His waiting and longing


for the coming of the revelation constituted a good reason for his steadfastness and self-possession


on the arrival of Allâh’s inspiration, Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of Jabir bin ‘Abdullah that


he had heard the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) speak about the period of pause as


follows:


“While I was walking, I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up, and surely enough, it was the same


angel who had visited me in the cave of Hira’. He was sitting on a chair between the earth and the


sky. I was very afraid of him and knelt on the ground. I went home saying: ‘Cover me …, Cover me


…’. Allâh revealed to me the verses:


· ‘O you [Muhammad (Peace be upon him)] enveloped (in garments)! Arise and warn! And


your Lord (Allâh) magnify! And your garments purify! And keep away from Ar-Rujz (the


idols)!’” [74:1-5]


After that the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.

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THE SEVEN GATES OF MONCKS CORNER

Narrated Abu Bakr:

The Prophet(saw) said,

“The terror caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Madinah and at that time Madinah will have seven gates and there will be two angels at each gate guarding them.”

Writings of Cheikh Mustafa

{The Ode Of The Unveiler-bayt 39}

الله يشاعب رفقا يشاعب

Allah imparts perception, gently giving notifications-

و انت الشاعب اشعب ضحاي

Since you are the Knowing, let me perceive what sacrifices I need to perform.

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Hadith of the Prophet: Taqwa is in the heart (and he pointed towards the heart). If tawqa is not present in the heart of the speaker then the person will not be affected by the words which fall upon his ears.

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